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British universities & Colleges Sport

Appeals & Disciplinary Decisions

 Below are summaries of the outcomes of all appeal and disciplinary proceedings from the 2016/17 season.

The full procedures for appeals are outlined in REG 16, and for disciplinary hearings in REG 17 

Sport: Rugby League (Men’s)

Tier: Conference Cup

Regulation: REG 6.7.4

Outcome: Walkover awarded to away team

Additional information: A number of regulations are called in to question in this appeal. They will be dealt with one at a time. Firstly with regard to REG 7.2.1 and RUL 8.4.1 as the player in question did not play, and this does not appear to be disputed as it is agreed he stood on the side line with an injury, failure to provide ID is not grounds to over turn this result. The home team should however note that team sheets should be completed at the start of the fixture listing only those playing. With regard to REG 6.7.4 we have examined all team sheets for all of the home team teams, these were accessed via the RFL. A contravention of player movement has been identified with regard to a number of players. All of these players are normally first team players, having played a majority of league fixtures for the first team. They are therefore ineligible to play for the 2nd team and the home team have thus breach REG 6.7.4. A walkover will therefore be awarded to the away team. With regard to RUL 5.1.2 the player mentioned does not appear to be registered with the RFL. The home team may want to follow this up. As a walkover is being awarded to the away team due to a breach of REG 6.7.4 BUCS have not investigated this issue further. The home team are reminded that they must comply with RUL 5.1.2


 

Sport: Volleyball (Men’s)

Tier: 1A

Regulation: REG 8.2

Outcome: Match to be replayed

Additional information: The two regulations brought in to question in this appeal will be dealt with in turn. Firstly according to REG 11.7 and Appendix 2, it is a requirement to have two officials at a volleyball fixture. However according to REG 12.11.1 if a team starts a fixture whilst being aware of a regulation breach but does not complete a PUP they are deemed to have accepted the regulation breach. As such the away team cannot appeal on the basis of the officials as they did not complete a PUP at the start of the fixture. With regard to REG 8.2 the correct conditions for play were not provided as the flow of play was interrupted in moving courts and this is deemed to be an important condition of play. However the breach of this regulation was out of the control of the home team as they booked a facility for the requisite length of time. The match should therefore be replayed at the home team venue ensuring that the correct conditions of play are met.


 

Sport: Rugby Union (Men’s)

Tier: 3B

Regulation: REG 6

Outcome: Walkover awarded to Away team

 

Additional information: The home team have stated in their response that the player in question was not eligible. In accordance with REG 6 ineligible players cannot compete in BUCS competitions, their impact on the outcome of the match is irrelevant. Therefore due to a breach of regulation 6 a walkover will be awarded to the away team.


 

Sport: Tennis (Men’s)

Tier: 1A

Regulation: TEN 7.2

Outcome: Result Stands

 

Additional information: In accordance with REG 12.11.1 If a team travels to, begins or continues a fixture with knowledge of a breach of regulations but fails to complete a Playing Under Protest form they are deemed to have accepted the conditions of play and can therefore not play under protest, nor appeal for that reason UNLESS information comes to light after the fixture has been completed. By starting the tie break without completing a PUP the away team are deemed to have agreed to the tie break. We would advise all teams to complete a PUP as soon as they become aware of a regulation breach. Should they be unclear of whether a regulation breach they should seek clarification from BUCS or their AU during a break in play. Such clarification could have been sought before the tie break set began. The home team are therefore deemed not to be in breach of TEN 7.2 and the result stands.


Sport: Rugby (Women’s)

Tier: 2B

Regulation: REG 6.7.4 & REG 7.2

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: With regard to REG 7.2, the away team cannot appeal on these ground as no PUP was completed when the ID's were checked. In accordance with REG 12.11.1 this means that the away team are deemed to have accepted the conditions. As the potential breach of REG 6.7.4 was discovered after the conclusion of the fixture, the away team are able to appeal. REG 6.7.4 states that all teams must be selected as though all teams are playing on a given day. However, RUU 2 allows the movement of front rows and the evidence presented suggests that the player in question was a front row player. There is therefore no breach of regulation with regard to the named player. The away team have not provided the names of any other players which they believe may be in contravention of REG 6.7.4 and as per REG 6.10 they are required to do so if a contravention of player movement is to be considered. There is therefore considered to be insufficient evidence of a breach of REG 6.7.4 and the result will stand.


Sport: Football (Men’s)

Tier: 1A

Regulation: REG 7.6

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: REG 12.11.1 clearly states that 'If a team travels to, begins or continues a fixture with knowledge of a breach of regulations but fails to complete a Playing Under Protest form they are deemed to have accepted the conditions of play and can therefore not play under protest, nor appeal for that reason UNLESS information comes to light after the fixture has been completed. Note REG 12.11.4.' By not completing a PUP when the breach of regulation occurred, particularly as presented with an opportunity to do so, the away team are deemed to have accepted the conditions of play. Furthermore, the PUP does not state the time at which it was signed which is in contravention of REG 12.11.3 and as a consequence cannot be accepted as evidence in this appeal.


Sport: Waterpolo (Women’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: REG 11.5

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: REG 12.11.1 clearly states that 'If a team travels to, begins or continues a fixture with knowledge of a breach of regulations but fails to complete a Playing Under Protest form they are deemed to have accepted the conditions of play and can therefore not play under protest, nor appeal for that reason UNLESS information comes to light after the fixture has been completed.' The away team were aware of the breach of regulation from the start of the match and did not complete a playing under protest form until after the match had concluded. Under REG 12.11.1 they are therefore deemed to have accepted the conditions of the match and the result will stand.


Sport: Netball

Tier: 10A

Regulation: REG 6.7.6

Outcome: Walkover awarded to the home team

Additional information: As the away team have not responded to the appeal it is assumed that they were in breach of REG 6.7.6 and a walkover is therefore awarded to the home team.


Sport: Rugby (Men’s)

Tier: 5B

Regulation: REG 6.7.2

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: In accordance with REG 6.7.2, ‘In team sports which incorporate competition below First Team level, each team should be selected as though the other teams would be playing in a match of equal importance at the same time.’ It is difficult to provide conclusive evidence to prove that the home team have intentionally selected teams in contravention of REG 6.7.2, rather than players having been moved between teams due to a change in form. Furthermore, evidence to suggest that the players entering the pitch from the sideline were not those listed on the team sheet has not been provided. Whilst a playing under protest form has been mentioned on the team sheets it has not been attached to the appeal and therefore cannot be considered as evidence. The away team have failed to provide sufficient evidence to suggest that the home team were in contravention of REG 6.7.2. The result will therefore stand.


 Sport: Futsal (Women’s)

Tier: 1B

Regulation: REG 6.7.4

Outcome: Result stands

Additional information: REG 6.7.4  states: ‘Teams must be selected as if all teams are playing on a given day, for example, if the first team does not have a match but the second team do, no players who would normally* represent the first team are eligible to play for the second team.
*Normally is defined by establishing the individuals frequency and majority of fixtures played. Majority is established through league fixtures only, however this regulation still applies to knockout fixtures unless specifically stated otherwise. Consideration is also given to periods within which any variation from normal occurs for an individual.’

In looking at the league fixtures in Women’s Futsal for 1B, there are 8 fixtures in total. Therefore a player is permitted to play 4 fixtures and then be ‘dropped’ to the 2nd team, as long as there are sufficient league fixtures remaining to establish majority, or an even split. Both questioned players have played 4 fixtures for the 1st team and 2 fixtures for the 2nd team with 2 fixtures remaining. Both players will therefore ONLY be eligible for the 2nd team for the remainder of the league.

It is difficult to provide conclusive evidence to prove that the home team have intentionally played these two players down, in contravention of REG 6.7.4, rather than them having been legitimately dropped due to a change in form. Due to this the result will stand.

 


Sport: Badminton (Men’s)

Tier: Conference Cup

Regulation: REG 6.7

Outcome: Walkover awarded to the away team

Additional information: Under REG 6.8.1 Players may not play for a different team in the SAME knock out competition, of the same sport, within a season i.e. if an institutions 3rd and 4th teams are in the same conference cup competition and the 4ths are eliminated from the competition; no players that have played for the 4th team are permitted to play for the 3rds, or vice versa, in any subsequent cup rounds that season. A player for the home team played for the 1st team in the Conference Cup on 9th November and played for the 2nd team in the same Conference Cup competition on the 23rd November. This is in clear contravention of player movement regulations and a walkover is therefore awarded to the away team.

 


Sport: Table Tennis (Men’s)

Tier: Trophy

Regulation: REG 12.6.1

Outcome: Match to be replayed at the venue of the away team.

Additional information: This appeal comes down to communication between the two teams and what reasonable action could be expected by either team. It is reasonable for the away team to have expected the home team to forward the fixture email confirmation once they received the out of office. However it is also reasonable for home team to expect that the away team would have dealt with the email on return on Tuesday, and further that a member of the away Table Tennis team would check BUCScore between the Thursday and departing for their fixture on Wednesday. As both institutions could have taken reasonable action to prevent this situation the match will be replayed. As some of the fixture was played the match is therefore regarded as abandoned and under REG 15.4 must be played at the venue of the away team. As neither institution is directly at fault the appeal lodging fee will be waived.

 


Sport: Tennis

Tier: Premier

Regulation: TEN 4.1 & TEN 6.4.2

Outcome: Walkover awarded to the away team

Additional information: The home team have not responded to this appeal and therefore it is assumed that the evidence and claims made by the away team are not disputed. Under TEN 6.4.2 Doubles pairings must play with the strongest pair as pair one. The best doubles pair should be decided by the sum of the players team singles rankings in each pair, with the smallest sum playing as the ‘best doubles pair’. If two players who have not played the singles compete in the doubles, they are numbered 5 and 6, with the best rated player being put in 5th position. The home teams first double pair should therefore have been 1 + 4, with 5+ 6 being their second pairing. This is a breach of player movement regulation which will result in a walkover being awarded to the away team. With regard to TEN4.1 and court booking times, The home team were right to concede the unplayed rubber. This is however the second appeal we have received regarding this institution contravening this regulation. The home team are therefore reminded that they should book court time in line with TEN 4.1 Further contravention of this regulation will be dealt with as a repeated offence.

 


Sport: Football (Women’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: FOO 3.2

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: FOO 3.2 stipulates that pitches must be roped off in order to prevent spectator encroachment. The regulation allows this to be along one side if spectators are only on one side. The home team have submitted evidence which supports their claim that the spectators were behind the rope throughout the fixture. Whilst the home team should have ensured that this rope was in place ready for a timely kick off, the delay of approximately 5 minutes is not sufficient to warrant the outcome of the match to be questioned. The full fixture was played in accordance with the regulations, including compliance with FOO 3.2 and therefore the result will stand.

 


Sport: Football (Men’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: REG 11

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: REG 11 outlines the requirement that the home institution must organise appropriate officials. The level of official required is outlined in Appendix 2. Whilst the home team arranged for an appropriately qualified official through the county FA, this official was not neutral, which is a requirement under Appendix 2 for Premier football. The home team were not aware that the student was not neutral. BUCS will be circulating a communication piece to county FA's and institutions regarding the requirement for officials to be neutral. However the onus is on the home institution to ensure compliance with this regulation. Nevertheless, in this instance, the away were aware that the official was not neutral during the fixture and they did not complete a playing under protest form. In accordance with REG 12.11.1, 'if a team .. continues with a fixture with knowledge of a breach of regulations but fails to complete a Playing Under Protest form they are deemed to have accepted the conditions of play and can therefore not play under protest, nor appeal for that reason...' For this reason the away team cannot appeal and the result will stand.

 


Sport: Football (Men’s)

Tier: 6C

Regulation: REG 11.7

Outcome: Walkover awarded to the away team

Additional information: In accordance with REG 11.7, failure to supply the correct officials, as per Appendix 2, may lead to the forfeiture of the affected match, unless there is written notification from the appropriate officials appointments body that they were unable to provide officials, or where officials withdraw from the fixture on the day (written evidence required, refer REG 11.9).

 

The home team have not responded to this appeal and have provided no evidence that that the official in attendance at this fixture was qualified. In the absence of evidence that the official was qualified, a walkover is awarded to the away team under REG 11.7.

 


Sport: Tennis (men’s)

Tier: 2B

Regulation: TEN 4.1 & TEN 9.2

Outcome: Match to be replayed at the venue of the away team

Additional information: TEN 4.1 – This regulation clearly states that 4 courts must be booked for a period of 2 hours each for the purpose of completing the singles rubbers. This regulation was breached by the home team due to only booking 2 courts. Having a total of 12 court hours available is not sufficient as the regulation explicitly states that 4 courts must be available for a minimum of two hours each. Based on TEN 4.1 the away team were reasonable in booking their transportation at 3pm and their departure time cannot therefore be considered as a factor in the fixture not being completed.

TEN 9.2  - This regulation states that ‘In the event of a fixture being incomplete due to a late start, with a team at fault, their opposition may claim any rubbers not completed or un-played.’ Whilst it is reasonable to expect that some rubbers may have not been completed due to the 40 minute delay in start, the weather was the main reason that the fixture was incomplete. Rubbers not completed due to adverse weather cannot be conceded under TEN 9.2. Whilst the result was agreed between the two captains and this was signed on the team sheet, the away team captain did not have the ability to claim all of these rubbers under TEN 9.2.

This fixture should be rearranged at the venue of the away team, in accordance with REG 15.5

Whilst it is deemed that the weather is the largest factor in this fixture not being completed, the away team were not at fault and the home team were in clear breach of TEN 4.1, and it is for this reason that the home team are deemed liable for the £50 appeal lodging fee (in accordance with REG 16.5.5). 


Sport: Football (Men’s)

Tier: Conference Cup

Regulation: REG 7.4, 7.6, 8.2, 8.3, FOO 4.10

Outcome: Match to be replayed at the venue of the away team

Additional information: A number of regulations have been brought in to question in this appeal and will be dealt with in turn. Regulation 7.4 and 7.6 - The only team sheet provided as evidence is the home teams. Decisions are based on the evidence presented. Whilst there is evidence that the away team did breach REG 7.4 by not verifying the home team’s team sheet, the home team did not comply fully with REG 7.6 as there is essential information missing from the handwritten team sheet and the form is only signed by the official. With regard to REG 8.2 and REG 8.3, the playing under protest form was completed at 19.05, after the fixture. In accordance with REG 12.11.1 if a team continues to play with knowledge of a breach of regulations but fails to complete a Playing Under Protest form they are deemed to have accepted the conditions of play and can therefore not play under protest, nor appeal for that reason. As the playing under protest was not completed at the start of the match, when the official made the decision to shorten the fixture, an appeal cannot be made in this regard. As the playing under protest form was not completed at the right time, REG 16.2.1 cannot be applied. The final regulation referred to is FOO 4.10 which states that there may be a maximum of 5 substitutes. This would result in a maximum of 16 players named on a team sheet. Whilst the home team has provided some evidence on their team sheet that the away team had 17 players, as this was not signed by either team the evidence is not regarded as conclusive enough to warrant a walkover to be awarded. The away team claim that they only had 14 players but have provided no evidence, such as their team sheet, in support of this. Due to the lack of conclusive evidence regarding team sheets, and the playing under protest form being completed after the completion of the fixture it is deemed that the match should be replayed at the venue of the away team. As this is a knockout fixture, the deadline for it being replayed is Monday 7th November. Please follow the procedure outlined in REG 15.5 and REG 15.6 for this rearrangement. If a result is not achieved by this date the outcome of the fixture will be decided by a coin toss, in accordance with REG 15.6.2.3


Sport: Tennis (Men’s)

Tier: Conference Cup

Regulation: TEN 6.1 & TEN 6.2

Outcome: Deadline Passed

Additional information: This appeal cannot be considered as it was submitted after the deadline had passed. Please remember that the under REG 16.5.4.1 the deadline for submitting appeals affecting knockouts is 3pm on the next working day following the disputed fixture.


Sport: Tennis (Women’s)

Tier: 2B

Regulation: TEN 6.4.1

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: According to REG 16.2.2, '... a team may not appeal having discovered retrospectively that an opposition played out of order when lists are available online, in advance or during a fixture...' As lists were available in advance, and during the fixture, the away team do not have grounds to appeal and the result will therefore stand. NB - a result of 4-9 is not valid in tennis. Please submit a result change request for the correct score. Whilst the away team do not have grounds to appeal due to REG 16.2.2, the home team were in clear contravention of TEN 6.4.1 and the home team are reminded that they must play in rank order. The away team are additionally reminded that they should check ranking order and team sheets in advance of the start of the fixture.


Sport: Surf

Tier: Championships

Regulation: REG 6

Outcome: Fine and suspended sentence

Additional information: A student competed at the BUCS Surf Championships under a different name. There were repeated attempts to sign people in at registration under different names, although a number of these attempts were unsuccessful they were repeated and deliberate, demonstrating the intentional nature of this incident. This deliberate act to compete under a different name raises a number of serious issues. Most importantly, this raises a safety concern of the highest nature. If there had been an accident during the competition it would not have been known who this person was. Staff and emergency services would have been unaware of relevant medical information, or emergency contact details. This act was a deliberate attempt to deceive BUCS staff and therefore showed utter disregard for the safety and integrity of the competition by placing themselves, and others, at risk. Safety is paramount at all BUCS competitions and this deliberate act was reckless, inconsiderate and inexcusable.


Sport: Volleyball (Women’s)

Tier: 1A

Regulation: REG 6.7

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: The regulation called in to question here is REG 6.7. A multiple medical exemption has been granted for the player in question and therefore she is eligible to play for the 2nd team. This medical exemption has been granted on the basis of strong evidence submitted by appropriate and relevant people. This is further supported by the letter from the Volleyball England physio as evidence in this appeal. The principle of normality has not been contravened as the evidence presented suggests the players in question have played up for one 1st team fixture. This is permitted within REG 6.7, and therefore there is no regulation breach.


Sport: Tennis (Men’s)

Tier: Premier    

Regulation: TEN 6.4 & TEN 6.4.2

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: The content of this appeal has been of a very technical nature. As such advice has been sought from members of the Tennis Sports Advisory Group who have an in-depth knowledge of LTA ranking systems, GB senior rankings and the impact which this could have on BUCS ranking systems. TEN 6.4 is written in such a way as to allow teams an element of discretion in ranking their teams. This enables them to account for players who are not British, or who have been away from the playing circuit for a period of time. Whilst Player A has a higher LTA ranking than Player B, Player A has been away for a year and so the difference in their ranking cannot be considered conclusive. Similarly, whilst Player B is ranked higher in the GB senior ranking list than Player C, this is not a significant enough difference for it to be conclusively said that this reflects current form and thus BUCS rankings. LTA rankings and GB senior ranking therefore provide insight to the level of player but do not account for the variables of current form. It has been suggested that whilst the 4 players in the home teams second team are all clearly very strong and talented players, there is not sufficient evidence to conclusively determine that this ranking has been anything more than the discretionary allowance granted to Captains. This is further supported by the examination of relevant score sheets. There has therefore been no breach of TEN 6.4.2 and the result will stand.


Sport: Football (Women’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: FOO 3.3 & REG 11.7

Outcome: Walkover awarded to away team

Additional information: In line with REG 11.7, Appendix 2 and FOO 3.3 one referee and two assistant referees are required at Premier level. As the home team failed to provide sufficient assistant referees they were in contravention of the regulations outlined above. As such a walkover is awarded to the way team.


Sport: Football (Men’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: FOO 4.5

Outcome: Result Stands

Additional information: FOO 4.5 states that ‘No player, club or team official may participate in any BUCS football fixture whilst serving a suspension imposed by any Association.’ The suspension type which was issued by the local FA was for Saturday football only. Therefore the player in question is only deemed to be serving his suspension on Saturdays, and remains eligible for BUCS competition on Wednesdays. For clarity, FOO 4.5 is applicable in addition to an Association ban, but in line with the conditions outlined by that Association. An Association under this regulation is deemed to be any football association. This means that a BUCS fixture cannot count towards a match ban, but if a player is serving a match ban for mid-week football, for example, they are not eligible for midweek BUCS fixtures as they are deemed to be serving their suspension mid-week. Whilst it is deemed that this player was eligible for this fixture, the home team are advised to seek clarification from BUCS regarding regulations in advance of fixtures in the future.


Sport: Volleyball (Men’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: VOL 2.2 and REG 15.4

Outcome: Match to be replayed at the away team venue

Additional information: This appeal involves a number of regulations and each one will be dealt with in turn. VOL 2.2 and REG 8.2 both relate to the requirement for for 2.5 hours of court to be booked. As the away team did not fill in a playing under protest form in relation to this regulation breach they are deemed to have accepted the condition and cannot appeal on those grounds. VOL 2.3 which regulates late arrival at volleyball fixtures cannot be applied in this appeal as the home team waived their right to claim sets by agreeing to start the match 0-0. As 75% of the fixture was not played the result cannot stand, under REG 8.9. As the match was stopped once play had begun this therefore becomes an abandoned match under the definition outlined in REG 15.1. Under REG 15.4 abandoned matches should be replayed at the venue of the away team. This fixture must therefore be replayed at the venue of the away team.


Sport: Football (Men’s)

Tier: Conference Plate

Regulation: REG 8.2, 8.3 & 8.4

Outcome: Match to be replayed at the away team venue

Additional information: In accordance with REG 8.2 It is the responsibility of the host institution to provide the correct conditions and time availability for a match ... This is especially prevalent in matches where extra time may be required. Whilst the football specific regulations do not stipulate that a pitch must be booked for (eg.) 2.5 hours, they do stipulate under FOO 4.9 that in knockout matches if there is a draw at the conclusion of normal play, extra time (15 minutes each way) shall occur, followed by penalty shoot outs. A two hour pitch booking is therefore insufficient for a knockout fixture and the home team are in contravention of REG 8.2. However, the playing under protest form completed by the away team was done so, and signed by the home team at 17.05. At this point it would not have been known that extra time was required. As there is no evidence that the playing under protest was re-signed at the point at which extra time was required the away team do not have sufficient evidence to claim a walkover. It is therefore deemed that the fixture should be replayed at the venue of the away team. As this is a knockout fixture, the deadline for it being replayed is Monday 7th November. Please follow the procedure outlined in REG 15.5 and REG 15.6 for this rearrangement. If a result is not achieved by this date the outcome of the fixture will be decided by a coin toss, in accordance with REG 15.6.2.3


Sport: Tennis (Women’s)

Tier: 2A

Regulation: TEN 6.4.1 & REG 6.7.2

Outcome: Walkover awarded to away team

Additional information: Whilst all teams were playing on the one day, the BUCS regulations do not allow for consideration of differing availability for home and away fixtures. Therefore when selecting the strongest teams, all available players must be accounted for, rather than just those who are available for an away fixture. Therefore the home teams interpretation of REG 6.7.2 is incorrect. However, the home team is correct in stating that the tennis sport specific regulation supersede the general regulations. Whilst the home team has complied with TEN 6.6, they have clearly breached TEN 6.4.1 which states that players must play in rank order and there can be no movement. As a result of this breach of regulation a walkover will be awarded to the away team.


Sport: Futsal (Men’s)

Tier: Premier

Regulation: FUT 9

Outcome: Match to be replayed at away team venue

Additional information: FUT 9 requires full markings and does not state an exception with these particular markings. Full markings would therefore be considered to be those outlined in the FIFA laws of the game, under FUT ii.i the home team are therefore in contravention of FUT 9. The evidence regarding the offer to mark the court at the start of the fixture is not considered to be sufficient enough to waive this regulation breach. At this level of competition we would hope that the emphasis is on the sport and it is therefore considered that this breach of regulation is not sufficient enough to warrant a walkover. This fixture will therefore be replayed at the venue of the away team, as they travelled.


Sport: Rugby Union (Men’s)

Tier: 5B

Regulation: REG 6.7.6

Outcome: Walkover awarded to the away team

Additional information: No response has been received from the home team. It can therefore only be assumed that the home team were in breach of REG 6.7.6 by having players compete in more than one team in the same sport on the same day. A walkover will therefore be awarded to the away team.


Sport: Volleyball (Women’s)

Tier: 1A

Regulation: REG 11.7 & Appendix 2

Outcome: Walkover awarded to the away team

Additional information: In accordance with REG 11.7 and Appendix 2, two qualified referees are required at Tier 1. The home team was therefore in contravention of REG 11.7. Whilst it was highlighted that the away team had suspicions regarding the qualification of the referees during match, it was not until after the match had ended that they confirmed this and subsequently completed a playing under protest form. According to REG 12.11 and REG 12.11.1 playing under protest forms can be completed after a match has finished if information regarding the breach of regulation does not come to light until then. In this circumstance the away team completed a PUP as soon as they confirmed that the officials were not qualified. Their PUP is therefore valid and the home team are found to be in contravention of REG 11.7. A walkover is subsequently awarded to the away team.

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